A DNA sequencers are used in laboratories to test for mutations in a cell, or the genetic material that codes for that cell.
But what if we could use them to identify specific genes that cause cancer?
That’s exactly what researchers at the University of Adelaide have done with a DNA-sequencing tool called the BioRx, which they are using to develop a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of breast cancer.
A GWAS is an approach in which two independent studies compare genomes to create a more accurate picture of a gene.
In this case, the researchers looked at more than 4,000 genes in the genome, from which they have identified 7,000 potential genes.
They are using the BioGenome to map the genes and identify what could be causing cancer.
It has already identified more than 400 genes that have been linked to breast cancer in Australia.
The researchers hope that they will be able to identify what genes are causing the most cancer.
They say they have already identified 1,500 genes that are linked to cancer in other countries, but have yet to identify those that could cause cancer in Australians.
The BioGenomes aim to find the genes causing breast cancer based on the gene sequence, not the person.
To do this, they will first look for the gene that is likely to cause the cancer, which is then compared to known genes in other human populations.
This is because cancer is a genetic disease, and genes are what cause a disease.
To find the cancer-causing gene, the BioGeneomes team will use a technique called gene amplification to find that gene.
The gene will then be tested in a sample of breast tissue from healthy people to see if the DNA sequence matches.
The method will also help identify other genes that could be associated with cancer.
The scientists are currently studying the DNA of 1,000 people who have been diagnosed with breast cancer, to see whether they can identify any genes that might be causing the cancer.
If they can, this will be used to identify a potential gene that could lead to breast tumours in the future.
But they will only have a very limited sample of the samples to use.
If there is a gene that causes breast cancer that is known to cause other cancers, such as pancreatic cancer, the scientists will use the data to further study the gene.
These studies will also involve using other tools such as the human transcriptome, which can be used in the lab to look for other genes and to look at other parts of the genome to try and figure out the cause of cancer.
This information will help inform future research, says study leader Professor David Smith, who is also an assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences.
“What’s really exciting is that we have now got a broad set of DNA sequences for each individual of the human genome,” he says.
“It’s just a matter of using those to build the GWAS.”