A team of scientists has identified some of the world “most endangered” animals, including elephants, tigers and hippopotamuses, and they’re doing their best to save them.
In a paper published online today in the journal Science, scientists from the University of Pennsylvania, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service say the endangered animals include:• The black-footed ferret (Dicerorhinus dicerus) – the world ‘s most endangered black-legged ferret.
The species is endangered by hunting, poaching and disease.• The critically endangered and threatened Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) of the Andes Mountains, Central Asia and Mongolia.
The Asian elephant is one of the oldest species in the world.
It is a big cat with long, thin limbs and a thick trunk, and it lives in forests and plains.
It eats only grasses and leaves.• the critically endangered Indian rhinoceros (Rhinocoris indicus), which is threatened by habitat loss and climate change.
It can live up to 50 years.• and the critically threatened African elephant (Didelphis virginiana), which has declined by 50 percent over the past 40 years due to poaching and habitat loss.
The researchers also identified the worlds “most vulnerable” animals:• the world�s endangered African lion (Panthera leo), which can live for up to 100 years.
It lives in savannas and other inaccessible places and is endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, disease and climate-related events.• elephants, which live on land and in the riverine habitats of Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
They are threatened by hunting and poaching, habitat loss through logging and agriculture, and by the illegal trade in ivory.• tiger (Puma concolor), a species that is critically endangered.
It spends most of its time in protected areas, and is threatened with poaching and climate disruption.• hippopotamus (Pachycephalus hippopotami), an extinct land mammal that is one, of the most endangered mammals on earth.
Its habitat is threatened because of logging and mining.• polar bear (Ursus arctos), the largest land animal on Earth, and the world �s only terrestrial carnivore.
The polar bear is critically threatened due to deforestation and climate degradation.
The researchers say that the bears �species richness has declined due to climate change, habitat destruction, habitat degradation and the hunting of polar bears by humans.
These species are now facing extinction, and while the scientists acknowledge that the threat to these animals may be slight, they are calling for an urgent global effort to protect them.
They�re calling for a moratorium on commercial hunting, including of polar bear skins, ivory, rhinolands and elephant tusks, and for the protection of endangered species, particularly those that are at the most risk from habitat loss or climate change.
“It�s important to note that the study does not take into account the impacts of climate change on the species and habitats in which they live.
It does not consider the impacts on wild populations of species.